Calamagrostis x acutiflora Karl Foerster: A choice ornamental grass

The stately, upright grass Calamagrostis x acutiflora Karl Foerster, commonly called feather reed grass, is one of my all-time favorites. It makes a striking five-foot tall exclamation point in the garden.

This is such a good plant that in 2001 it became the first ornamental grass to be named “Perennial Plant of the Year.”

Karl Foerster grass

A stand of Karl Foerster grass in my garden, grown from divisions
Photo: © Y.Cunnington

Where Calamagrostis x acutiflora Karl Foerster comes from

K.F. grass, as I like to call it for simplicity’s sake, is named for German nurseryman, Karl Foerster, one of the big names in the renaissance of ornamental grasses in gardens.

Foerster introduced this plant, thought to be a natural hybrid of Calamagrostis epigejos and Calamagrostis arundinacea, to the nursery trade in 1950. Originally, he found it growing in the Hamburg Botanical Garden. This hybrid is sterile, so it will not become a troublesome self-seeder, or at all invasive in your garden.

Calamagrostis x acutiflora 'Karl Foerster'

Closeup of flower stems in late summer
Photo: Daryl Mitchell, Flickr

Calamagrostis x acutiflora Karl Foerster is a cool season grower with dark green foliage that appears in early spring and lasts until late fall.

Flowers appear in June – earlier than many other ornamental grasses.

At first, they are loose, feathery and pinkish in color, then, through the summer, they gradually turn a wheaten color that lasts through the fall.

The flower stems grow bolt upright and stand up well through the season and over the winter.

How to grow
Calamagrostis x acutiflora Karl Foerster

Like most ornamental grasses, Karl Foerster feather reed grass is easy care. K.F. grass is hardy from Zone 4 to 9.

Care tips:

  • Grows best in moist, well-drained fertile soil, and does well in moist heavy clay soil. In my garden, it thrives in both heavy clay soil and sandy soil on a hill.
  • Give it full sun. Will take light shade, although too much shade can cause flopping.
  • Because it is a cool season type, you can plant or transplant it in spring or fall. Propagate by division (won’t grow from seed).
  • Annual maintenance is simple: just cut the old growth down in early spring before new growth starts. Make the cut somewhere between 12 to 16 inches from the ground, as shown below.

Calamagrostis x acutiflora 'Karl Foerster'

After spring haircut
Photo: © Y.Cunnington


K.F. grass grows out from the center, and after a few years, you may see a hole-in-the-donut effect.

When this happens, dig it up and divide it in spring.

Replant vigorous divisions from the outer sections. Or leave a section in the ground and dig up and divide the rest of the plant.)

I divided a couple of large mature clumps one spring and managed to get more than a dozen new plants from it, which allowed me to plant a dramatic swath on the hill at the front of our house very inexpensively (as seen in the pictures here).

Designing with
Calamagrostis x acutiflora Karl Foerster

Calamagrostis x acutiflora 'Karl Foerster'

Our massed planting of Karl Foerster grass
Photo: © Y.Cunnington

In larger spaces, Karl Foerster grass is a natural for mass planting.

It’s also makes a fast-growing screen to use near swimming pool fences, or even as in informal hedge.

Good spring companions are flowering bulbs such as daffodils and tulips.

In the later season, this grass mixes well with mid-summer and late-flowering perennials such as coreopsis, coneflowers, liatris, Joe-Pye weed and rudbeckia.

Besides the upright habit – which makes it a very architectural plant – another attractive feature is how it moves gracefully in a breeze.

In a small garden, a clump or two can serve as a good accent plant, especially if surrounded with lower-growing companions. The narrow growth habit makes it a good fit for tight spaces.

Karl Foerster’s feather reed grass:
a note about the name

The name Calamagrostis x acutiflora (pronounced cal-ah-mah-gros’tiss ah-cute-i-floor’ ah) comes from the Greek for reed, kalamos, and agrostis, grass; thus feather reed grass (feather for the fluffy look of the flowering stems).

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